Periodontal Disease

by Dr. James Springer 29. March 2013 11:53

Periodontal disease is a chronic infection caused by bacteria.  It begins when certain bacteria in plaque forms on the teeth and tissues in the mouth.  This bacteria produces toxins and enzymes that irritate the gums.  Plaque that remains on teeth can irritate the gums, making them red, tender and likely to bleed.  This condition, called gingivitis, can lead to more serious types of periodontal destruction.  If gingivitis is allowed to persist, it can progress to periodontitis.  At this stage, treatment by a dentist is needed.  Left untreated, teeth may eventually become loose, fall out or require removal by a dentist.

 

What you can do to prevent periodontal disease:

  • Brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day.  Clean between your teeth with floss or another type of interdental cleaner once a day.
  • Eat a balanced diet and limit snacks.
  • Schedule regular dental checkups.
  • Tell your dentist about changes in your overall health.
  • If pregnant or thinking about getting pregnant, pay particular attention to your teeth and gums.

 

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Taking Care of Your Teeth

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